The eastern tract comprises of forests and hilly areas. The forests comprise of a variety of timber with teak and other plantations. The hilly areas are mostly cleared and put to private cultivation; the important crops being rubber, cashew and ginger. In the skeletal plateau areas, cashew trees are cultivated, while in some patches, arecanut, pepper and cocoa are grown. In the coastal tract, paddy, coconut, arecanut, cashew, tobacco, vegetable and tapioca are cultivated.
Compared to total production of state, district share is -
Production data (1997-98)
Average size of holding - 0.469 ha
CENTRAL PLANTATION CROPS RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CPCRI) http://cpcri.nic.in/
The Central Plantation Crops Research Institute is an establishment having national importance. With headquarters at Kudlu, five kms. north of Kasargod, the CPCRI has regional stations at Kayamkulam, Vittal and Kozhikode. Its research centres are at Peechi, Palode, Hirehally, Appangala, Mohithnagar and Kehikuchi. There are seed farms at Kidu and Sathigode, one field station at Thrissur and a World Coconut Germplasm Centre at Sipighat. The objectives of the CPCRI are to serve as national forum for improving genetic potential of plantation crops, to conduct basic and applied research on various aspects of these crops, to co-ordinate research works being done by other institutions and agencies in the country, to serve as an information centre on all matters pertaining to these crops, to produce genetically superior planting materials and to carry out all India coordinated cropping improvement project on coconut, arecanut, spices and cashew nut. CPCRI was established in 1970 by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Research is carried out on various branches of Agricultural Sciences such as Gardening, soil chemistry, plant production, microbiology, plant diseases, cattle rearing, pisci culture, etc.
TxD, Mangala arecanut, new species of cardamom, turmeric and cashew, mixed crop and multi-crop system, etc. are some of the contributions of the CPCRI for the development of agriculture. The most remarkable venture is tissue culture in coconut. Research on various diseases of coconut, areacanut, cashew, pepper and field crops has given better yields.
Technology Assessment and refinement through Institution Village Linkage
CPCRI is one of the ICAR institute implementing the NATP project on Technology Assessment and refinement through Institution Village Linkage which is having emphasis on ensuring farmer participation in agro eco system analysis, identification and prioritization of problems and deciding appropriate technological interventions. Under the project different interventions have been implemented in farmers in different micro farming situations.
Agricultural Technology Information Centre
Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC) is established at CPCRI, Kasaragod to provide the required technology information, diagnostic and advisory services and supply of quality planting material to farmers through a single window delivery system.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
The Krishi Vigyan Kendras functioning under CPCRI at
Kasaragod and Kayankulam cater to the training needs of farmers of
Kasaragod and Alappuzha Districts respectively. Farmers are immensely
benefited through the vocational training programmes, front line
demonstrations and on farm testing in the farmers fields and other
technology transfer activities organised by the
The Institute offers project consultancies to
individuals on nominal charges on the establishment and maintenance of
gardens of coconut, arecanut and cocoa, farming systems, pests and disease
management and post harvest technology.
CPCRI library has a collection of 50,000 documents
pertaining to palms and Cocoa and subscribes to 225 journals. All
documents of the library are classified, catalogued and indexed and the
process of computerization using Library software is in progress.
Library at the Headquarters and at regional stations provide documentation
services to scientists, research workers, students, farmers and personnel
from plantation crops